Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación IEO
Últimas publicaciones S.O.S. Pinna nobilis: A Mass Mortality Event in Western Mediterranean Sea

Extent of the mass mortality event on Pinna nobilis in western Mediterranean Sea :: Image: Authors

Maite Vázquez-Luis, Elvira Álvarez, Agustín Barrajón, José R. García-March, Amalia Grau, Iris E. Hendriks, Santiago Jiménez, Diego Kersting, Diego Moreno, Marta Pérez, Juan M. Ruiz, Jordi Sánchez, Antonio Villalba and Salud Deudero, 2017. S.O.S. Pinna nobilis: A Mass Mortality Event in Western Mediterranean Sea. Front. Mar. Sci., 17 July 2017.

Abstract: A mass mortality event (MME) impacting the bivalve Pinna nobilis was detected across a wide geographical area of the Spanish Mediterranean Sea (Western Mediterranean Sea) in early autumn 2016. Underwater visual censuses were conducted across several localities separated by hundreds of kilometers along the Spanish Mediterranean coasts and revealed worrying high mortality rates reaching up to 100% in the center and southernmost coasts of the Iberian Peninsula including Balearic Islands. Populations on the northern coasts of the Spanish Mediterranean Sea seemed to be unaffected (Catalonian region). Histological examination of affected individuals revealed the presence of a haplosporidan-like parasite within the digestive gland being probably the pathogen that causes this mortality. The present MME has spread rapidly, causing high mortality rates in infected populations. Taking into account the degree of impact, the geographic extent, and the high probability that the infection is still in a spreading phase, this might be considered the largest MME ever registered for P. nobilis up to date, forcing this emblematic bivalve into a critical viability status over hundreds of kilometers of coast.